Forestry harvesters are among the most recent developments.
Although drones, planes, laser scanning, satellites and robots also play a part in forestry.
For example, in Germany, forests cover nearly a third of the land area, The preindustrial age has been dubbed by Werner Sombart and others as the 'wooden age', as timber and firewood were the basic resources for energy, construction and housing.
The development of modern forestry is closely connected with the rise of capitalism, economy as a science and varying notions of land use and property.
The idea of enclosed private property came about during modern times.
The crew consisted of 400 to 500 men, including shelter, bakeries, ovens and livestock stables.
Timber rafting infrastructure allowed for large interconnected networks all over continental Europe and is still of importance in Finland.
Further human induced changes, however, came since World War II, respectively in line with the '1950s-syndrome'.
The first portable chainsaw was invented in 1918 in Canada, but large impact of mechanization in forestry started after World War II.
Large firs in the black forest were called „Holländer“, as they were traded to the Dutch ship yards.