These events damaged his reputation among the ancient writers, though more recent historians have revised this opinion.
Many authors contend that he was murdered by his own wife.
Claudius was then left to be raised by his mother, who never remarried.
However, by the time he reached his teenage years his symptoms apparently waned and his family took some notice of his scholarly interests.
In 7 AD, Livy was hired to tutor him in history, with the assistance of Sulpicius Flavus.
He spent a lot of his time with the latter and the philosopher Athenodorus.
But the damage was done, and his family pushed him into the background.
When the Arch of Pavia was erected to honor the Imperial clan in 8 BC, Claudius' name (now Tiberius Claudius Nero Germanicus after his elevation to paterfamilias of Claudii Nerones on the adoption of his brother) was inscribed on the edge—past the deceased princes, Gaius and Lucius, and Germanicus' children.